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Sotero Henderson Model of Historical Trauma

The results from the phenomenological research provide specificity in the inability of participants to establish strong community culture and norms after quasi-integration. Participants described family secrets, continual movement to find employment, and serial forced displacement of Blacks in Baltimore City communities. These missed connections and lost linkages appear to be the basis for weakened family structures and fractured communities. (Henderson, 2017)

Sotero Henderson Conceptual Model of African American Baltimore City Historical Trauma (pdf)


The Reverberating Influence of Historical Trauma on the Health of African Americans in Baltimore City, May 2017 (pdf)


Subjugation Policies Updated October 8 2017 (pdf)